Essay on Sir Aurobindo Ghosh was an Indian philosopher, yogi, guru, poet, and nationalist. He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a minute was one in all its influential leaders then became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution.
During his keep within the jail, he had mystical and spiritual experiences, once that he moved to Pondicherry, leaving main literary works are The Life Divine, that deals with theoretical aspects of Integral Yoga; Synthesis of Yoga, that deals with practical guidance to Integral Yoga; and Savitri: A Legend and an emblem, an epos. His works additionally include philosophy, poetry, translations and commentaries on the Vedas, Upanishads and therefore the Bhagavad Gita. He was appointed for the Nobel prize in Literature in 1943 and for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950.
Aurobindo has gone for the Indian civil service at King’s College, Cambridge, England. when returning to India he took up numerous civil service works below the maharajah of the princely state of Baroda and have become more and more involved in nationalist politics and therefore the nascent revolutionary movement in Bengal.
He was arrested within the aftermath of a variety of bomb outrages linked to his organization, however in an extremely public trial wherever he faced charges of treason, Aurobindo might only be guilty and imprisoned for writing articles against British rule in India.
The early life of Aurobindo Ghosh:
Essay on Sir Aurobindo Ghosh: Aurobindo Ghose was born in Kolkata, Bengal Presidency, India on fifteen August 1872. His father, Krishna Dhun Ghose, was then Assistant surgeon of Rangpur in Bengal, and a former member of the Brahmo Samaj spiritual movement who had become enamored with the then-new plan of evolution whereas pursuing medical studies in Britain. His mother was Swarnalata Devi, whose father was Shri Rajnarayan Bose, a number one figure within the Samaj. She had been sent to a lot of salubrious surroundings of Kolkata for Aurobindo’s birth.
Aurobindo have 2 big brothers, Benoybhusan and Manmohan, a small sister, Sarojini, and a small brother, Barindrakumar. Young Aurobindo was remarked speaking English however used Hindustani to speak with servants. though his family was Bengali, his father believed British culture to be superior. He and his 2 big brothers were sent to the English-speaking in Loreto boarding school in Darjeeling, partly to boost their language skills and partly to distance them from their mother, who had developed a mental disease shortly when the birth of her 1st kid.
Krishna Dhun Ghose needed his sons to enter the Indian civil service, an elite organization comprising around a thousand people. to realize this it absolutely was necessary that they study in England so it was there that the whole family moved in 1879. The 3 brothers were placed within the care of the Reverend W. H. Drewett in Manchester and This was a requirement for admission to sensible English schools and, once 2 years, in 1881, the elder 2 siblings were listed at Manchester grammar school.
Although the Drewetts were told to not teach the faith, the boys inevitably were exposed to Christian teachings and events, that usually bored Aurobindo and typically repulsed him. There was very little contact together with his father, who wrote only some letters to his sons whereas they were in England, however, what communication there was indicated that he was turning into less endeared to British in India than he had been, on one occasion describing British dominion as a “heartless government”.
The maharajah of Baroda and Sayajirao Gaekwad III, both traveled in England. Cotton secured for him an area in Baroda State Service and organized for him to meet the prince. Krishna Dhun Ghose in India who was waiting to receive his children and was misinformed by his agents from Mumbai that the ship on that Aurobindo had been travel had done for off the coast of Portugal. His father died upon hearing this news.
Conversion from politics to spirituality:
In July 1905 then Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon, partitioned off Bengal. This sparked an outburst of public anger against the British, resulting in civil unrest and a nationalist campaign by teams of revolutionaries, who included Aurobindo. Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki try to kill judge Kingsford, a decision known for handing down significantly severe sentences against nationalists in 1908.
However, the bomb thrown at his horse carriage lost its target and instead landed in another carriage and killed 2 British women, the wife, and daughter of barrister Pringle Kennedy. Aurobindo was additionally arrested on charges of coming up with and overseeing the attack and jailed in solitary in Alipore Jail. The trial of the Alipore Bomb Case lasted for a year, however, eventually, he was acquitted on May six, 1909. His defense counsel was Chittaranjan Das.
During this period within the Jail, his read of life was radically modified because of spiritual experiences and realizations. Consequently, his aim went far on the far side of the service and liberation of the country.
Aurobindo said he was “visited” by Vivekananda within the Alipore Jail: “It may be a fact that I used to be hearing perpetually the voice of Vivekananda talking to me for a fortnight within the jail in my solitary meditation and felt his presence.”
In his autobiographical notes, Aurobindo said he felt a huge sense of calmness once he initially came back to India. He couldn’t justify this and continuing to have numerous such experiences from time to time. He knew nothing of yoga at that point and began his practice of it while not a coach, apart from some rules that he learned from Ganganath, a friend who was a disciple of Brahmananda. In 1907, Barin introduced Aurobindo to Vishnu Bhaskar Lele, a Maharashtrian yogi. Essay on Sir Aurobindo Ghosh….
Philosophy and spiritual vision:
Sri Aurobindo’s idea of the Integral Yoga system is described in his books, The Synthesis of Yoga and also the Life Divine. The Life Divine may be a compilation of essays published serially in Arya. Sri Aurobindo argues that divine Brahman manifests as empirical reality through līlā or divine play. rather than positing that the globe we experience is an illusion, Aurobindo argues that world will evolve and become a brand new world with new species, so much on top of the human species even as human species have evolved when the animal species.
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Sri Aurobindo knew that Darwinism just describes a development of the evolution of matter into life, however, doesn’t classify the reason behind it, whereas he found life to be already present in matter, as a result of all of existence could be a manifestation of Brahman. He argues that nature has evolved life out of matter then mind out of life. All of existence, he argues, is making an attempt to manifest to the level of the supermind – that evolution had a purpose.